A process area is a cluster of related practices in an area that, when performed collectively, satisfy a set of goals considered important for making significant improvement in that area. A software organization has achieved a specific maturity level once all the corresponding PAs are satisfied. All CMMI process areas are common to both continuous and staged representations.

 Each process area is defined by a set of goals and practices. There are two categories of goals and practices:

·         Generic goals and practices: They are part of every process area.

·         Specific goals and practices: They are specific to a given process area.

A process area is satisfied when company processes cover all of the generic and specific goals and practices for that process area.





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